Which sauna to choose? Steam bath, Finnish sauna or infrared cabin

The question often arises as to which sauna should be chosen, which sauna would be most suitable for you. We will discuss the three most popular saunas.


The sauna is also called a Finnish sauna. The life of a traditional Finnish family has long revolved around a sauna. Women came to the sauna to give birth, the sick to recover, the elderly to die. After all, the sauna is not only cleaner than the operating room. It is incomparably more comfortable in a room carved with wooden boards. The temperature of a traditional sauna reaches 90-130`C, the humidity is only 5-20%, so the body sweats heavily and removes everything that is not needed. By the way, in a dry sauna is not difficult to withstand high temperatures.

How to use the Finnish sauna

► You should go to the sauna after taking a shower and wiping it dry.

► The hottest in the sauna room is at the top. If you are a newbie or have difficulty lifting the heat, sit on a middle bench. It’s not worth sitting on the lower, coolest, bench because it will take a long time before you start sweating.

► It is best to lie in the sauna. If this is not possible, stand on the bench with at least your feet so that they are at the same height as the buttocks.

► If you notice dizziness after the sauna, sit on the lower bench for a couple of minutes before leaving the heating room.

► Are you going to dance in the cold water pool? Remember to take a shower before that. Climbing into the pool without taking a shower is simply unhygienic.

► It is not advisable to swim in a cold pool for a long time: the water pressure damages the dilated blood vessels.

► If you go to the sun again, it is advisable to wipe dry again. There is no need to turn the sauna into a steam bath.

► During one visit to the sauna, go to the heating room no more than 2-3 times and stay for no more than 15-20 minutes.


The steam bath is often confused with a “Turkish bath”. These are saunas that have nothing in common. The Turkish bath is an ancient one that was taken over from the ancient Greek, later Roman, colonies that were abundant throughout the western coast of present-day Turkey (Asia Minor). Steam in the thermal was extracted by pouring water on a heated floor (there were hot air ducts under the floor covering). The steam bath should also not be called a Russian bath. The term Lithuanian sauna is used for a steam bath or, more precisely, a Baltic bath. This term is supported by research by linguists and archaeologists. Linguists refer to the Finnish word ((fi | pirtti}} ‘smoky buys’ as borrowing from the Baltic languages.

Our grandparents are best acquainted with this steam bath. They usually built a sauna on the shore of the lake: it is easier to bring water to the lake, and those who are hot can dip into the lake right here. An integral attribute of a steam bath is brooms. In the steam bath, the temperature rises only to 50–60C, and the humidity is high – it reaches up to 95%. There is less sweating in the steam bath. This makes the thermoregulation a bit more difficult, so it is easier to withstand the 100C temperature in the sauna than the 50`C steam room. However, only in the steam room can you experience strong sensations of bathing in birch or other plant brooms!

How to use a steam bath

  • After taking a shower first, only go to the heating room to warm up. Stay for the first time in no more than 2-3 minutes.
  • If there is a warm water pool in the sauna, take a dip in it during the first break. Then go to the steam room again. The second time you can stay here for 10-15 minutes.
  • When the body warms up and relaxes as required, it is time to pull the broom. It would be hard to find a better body massage!
  • As after warming up in the sauna, after the steam bath, the body must first be washed and cooled in the shower before jumping into the pool.
  • Do not rush to heat up again: 10-20 minutes. sit in a towel and warm your feet in a hot tub before going to the steam room.
  • After the last heating, rinse with lukewarm water instead of cold.


The infrared sauna is easy to stay even for those who do not tolerate heat – the air only heats up to 45-55`C. The biggest difference between infrared and other saunas (saunas, steam, Turkish) and is heat. In other saunas, the air is first heated, which then heats the body. Infrared rays immediately heat the body. As a result, although sitting in the cabin is not hot at all, there is a lot of sweating. Specialists who studied the effects of the infrared sauna found that it removes 80% of the body from sweating. water and even 20 percent. toxins, and sweat in other baths is only 5%. toxins. Sweating in an infrared sauna facilitates kidney function, improves blood circulation. In addition, infrared rays help to cure chronic diseases of the ears, nose, throat faster, reduce joint and muscle pain, improve wound and fracture healing, accelerate bruise resorption, relieve menstrual and headaches, calm the nervous system.

How to use an infrared sauna

► The wooden cabin is equipped with zirconium ceramic panels, which emit rays that warm the body. They are not very hot, but it is better not to touch the panels.

► There are benches in the sauna – you have to sit on them with your feet down. As the sauna is heavily heated, it is necessary to put on a towel.

► For the first time it is enough to stay in the sauna for 15 minutes, then the time can be extended to 30 minutes.

► After leaving the sauna, you should not take a cold shower or dance in the cold pool. Wash away the sweat with a stream of warm water.

► Remember to drink immediately after this sauna (as after all others) (preferably cold mineral water or herbal tea).